EUR - Euro

The Euro is the currency of Euro Member Countries. Our currency rankings show that the most popular Euro exchange rate is the EUR to USD rate. The currency code for Euros is EUR, and the currency symbol is €. Below, you'll find Euro rates and a currency converter.

The central bank in Europe is called the European Central Bank (ECB). Currently, 17 EU member states have adopted the Euro. It is the second-most traded currency on the forex market, after the US Dollar, and also a major global reserve currency. Other common names for the Euro include Yoyo (Irish English), Leru (Spanish), and Ege (Finnish).

Introduction of the Euro
On January 1, 1999, the Euro (EUR) was introduced as an account currency, replacing the European Currency Unit at par. The European Currency Unit was a theoretical basket of currencies rather than a physical currency in and of itself. Initially, eleven of the countries in the European Economic and Monetary Union replaced their own currencies with the Euro: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. Greece followed suit in 2001, Slovenia in 2007, Malta and Cyprus in 2008, Slovakia in 2009 and Latvia in 2014.

Use of the Euro outside the EU
A number of sovereign states that are not part of the European Union have since adopted the Euro, including the Principality of Andorra, the Principality of Monaco, the Republic of San Marino, and the Vatican City. The Euro is also used in many territories, departments, and sovereign states of Euro-zone countries, such as the Azores, Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, Europa Island, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Juan de Nova, the Madeira Islands, Martinique, Mayotte, Reunion, Saint-Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, to name just a few. The Euro is used as a trading currency in Cuba, North Korea, and Syria and several currencies are pegged to it.

Currency Peg Rate
Bosnia and Herzegovina Convertible Mark 1.95583
Bulgarian Lev 1.95583
Cape Verdean Escudo 110.265
Central African CFA Franc BEAC 655.957
CFA Franc 655.957
CFP Franc 119.3317
Comoran Franc 491.9678
Lithuanian Litas 3.45280

Value of Obsolete National Currencies
Euro bank notes and coins began circulating in 2002 with old notes and coins gradually being withdrawn from circulation. The precise dates that each old currency ceased being legal tender and their official fixed rates are shown in the table below.

Legacy(Old) Currency Conversion from EUR Obsolete
ATS Austria, Schilling 1 EUR = 13.7603 ATS 28-Feb-2002
BEF Belgium, Franc 1 EUR = 40.3399 BEF 28-Feb-2002
CYP Cyprus, Pound 1 EUR = 0.58527 CYP 31-Jan-2008
DEM Germany, Deutsche Mark 1 EUR = 1.95583 DEM 28-Feb-2002
EEK Estonia, Kroon 1 EUR = 15.6466 EEK 15-Jan-2011
ESP Spain, Peseta 1 EUR = 166.386 ESP 28-Feb-2002
FIM Finland, Markka 1 EUR = 5.94573 FIM 31-Jan-2008
FRF France, Franc 1 EUR = 6.55957 FRF 17-Feb-2002
GRD Greece, Drachma 1 EUR = 340.750 GRD 28-Feb-2002
HRK Croatia, Kuna 1 EUR = 7.53450 HRK 1-Jan-2023
IEP Ireland, Pound 1 EUR = 0.78756 IEP 9-Feb-2002
ITL Italy, Lira 1 EUR = 1936.27 ITL 28-Feb-2002
LTL Lithuania, Litas 1 EUR = 3.45280 LTL 15-Jan-2015
LUF Luxembourg, Franc 1 EUR = 40.3399 LUF 28-Feb-2002
LVL Latvia, Lats 1 EUR = 0.70280 LVL 15-Jan-2014
MTL Malta, Lira 1 EUR = 0.42930 MTL 31-Jan-2008
NLG Netherlands, Guilder (Florin) 1 EUR = 2.20371 NLG 28-Jan-2008
PTE Portugal, Escudo 1 EUR = 200.482 PTE 28-Feb-2002
SIT Slovenia, Tolar 1 EUR = 239.640 SIT 14-Jan-2007
SKK Slovakia, Koruna 1 EUR = 30.1260 SKK 17-Jan-2009

The XE Currency Converter supports the above obsolete currencies; to make a conversion, type the name of the currency in the search box. Some old currencies are still physically convertible at special locations. For details, refer to the official ECB site listed in the Relevant Links section below.

Spelling and Capitalization
The official spelling of the EUR currency unit is "euro", with a lower case "e"; however, the common industry practice is to spell it "Euro", with a capital "E". Many languages have different official spellings for the Euro, which also may or may not coincide with general use. Additionally, there are various nicknames for the currency including, Ege (Finnish), Pavo (Spanish), and Euráče (Slovak).

Relevant Links
For more information on the EUR, we encourage you to visit the links below, particularly the European Central Bank. These sites include recent news on the Euro as well as issues like implementation, spelling, legislation, and more.

Euro Stats

Minor unit1/100 = cent
Minor unit symbolcent
Top EUR conversionEUR to USD
Top EUR chartEUR to USD chart

Euro Profile

NicknamesEge (Finnish), Pavo (Spanish), Yoyo (Irish English), Teuro (German)
CoinsFreq used: 5cent, 10cent, 20cent, 50cent, €1, €2
Rarely used: 1cent, 2cent
Bank notesFreq used: €5, €10, €20, €50, €100
Rarely used: €200, €500
Central bankEuropean Central Bank
Euro Member Countries, Andorra, Austria, Azores, Baleares (Balearic Islands), Belgium, Canary Islands, Cyprus, Finland, France, French Guiana, French Southern Territories, Germany, Greece, Guadeloupe, Holland (Netherlands), Holy See (Vatican City), Ireland (Eire), Italy, Luxembourg, Madeira Islands, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Portugal, Réunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Saint-Martin, San Marino, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Vatican City (The Holy See), Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia

Live Currency Rates

EUR / USD0.00000
GBP / EUR0.00000
USD / JPY0.00000
GBP / USD0.00000
USD / CHF0.00000
USD / CAD0.00000
EUR / JPY0.00000
AUD / USD0.00000

Central Bank Rates

CurrencyInterest Rate